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Testing and validation of an algorithm for configuring distribution grid sensor networks

Clarkson, Paul and Venturi, Alberto and Forbes, Alistair and Roscoe, Andrew and Wright, Paul (2015) Testing and validation of an algorithm for configuring distribution grid sensor networks. In: CIRED 23rd International Conference on Electricity Distribution, 2015-06-15 - 2015-06-18, France.

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Abstract

The control of Smart Grids depends on a reliable set of measurement information such that distributed generation and demand can be effectively managed. The cost of procuring and installing sensors at multiple nodes in the grid is prohibitive and choosing the optimum strategy with regards to sensor location, accuracy, number and type is very important. This report describes the testing of a sensor placement algorithm developed to determine measurement strategies for distribution grids. This testing was performed on a laboratory microgrid at the University of Strathclyde. The ability of the algorithm to choose the optimal subset of measurements was tested by comparing the estimated power flow with the measured power flow of a fully instrumented grid. The chosen subset is found to have the close to the lowest overall error and all estimates agree with the rejected measurements within the calculated uncertainties.