Picture of person typing on laptop with programming code visible on the laptop screen

World class computing and information science research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

Explore

Validation of simple epidemiological or clinical methods for the measurement of body composition in young children

Djafarian, Kurosh and Jackson, Diane M and Donaghy, Zoe and Speakman, John R and Reilly, John J (2014) Validation of simple epidemiological or clinical methods for the measurement of body composition in young children. Iran Journal of Pediatrics, 24 (6). pp. 685-691.

[img]
Preview
Text (Djafarian-etal-IJOP-2014-Validation-of-simple-epidemiological-or-clinical-methods-for-measurement-of-body)
Djafarian_etal_IJOP_2014_Validation_of_simple_epidemiological_or_clinical_methods_for_measurement_of_body.pdf - Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 logo

Download (268kB) | Preview

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the validity of simple epidemiological and clinical methods for the assessment of body fatness in preschool children. In 89 children (42 boys, 47 girls; mean age 4.1 SD 1.3y) measures of body fatness were made using total body water (TBW), dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), air displacement plethysmography (BODPOD) and skinfold thickness. Methods were compared by Bland–Altman analysis using TBW as the reference method, and by paired comparisons and rank order correlations. Bias for DXA was +1.8% body fat percentage units (limits of agreement +15.5% to -11.9%), bias for BODPOD was -3.5% (limits of agreement +18.9% to -5.9%) and bias for skinfolds using the Slaughter equations was -6.5% (limits of agreement +10.0% to –23.1%). Significant rank order correlations with TBW measures of fatness were obtained for DXA estimates of fatness (r=0.54, P=0.01), but not for estimates of fat by skinfold thickness (r=0.20, P=0.2) or BODPOD (r=0.25, P=0.1). Differences between both DXA and BODPOD and the reference TBW estimates of body fatness were not significant (P=0.06 and P=0.1 respectively); however, the difference in estimated body fatness between skinfold thickness and TBW was significant (P<0.001). Estimates of body fatness in preschool children were inaccurate at the level of the individual child using all the methods, but DXA might provide unbiased estimates and a means of making relative assessments of body fatness.