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Light-induced effective magnetic fields for ultracold atoms in planar geometries

Juzeliunas, G. and Ruseckas, J. and Ohberg, P. and Fleischhauer, M. (2006) Light-induced effective magnetic fields for ultracold atoms in planar geometries. Physical Review A, 73 (2). ISSN 1094-1622

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Abstract

We propose a scheme to create an effective magnetic field for ultracold atoms in a planar geometry. The setup allows the experimental study of classical and quantum Hall effects in close analogy to solid-state systems including the possibility of finite currents. The present scheme is an extention of the proposal in Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 033602 (2004), where the effective magnetic field is now induced for three-level Lambda-type atoms by two counterpropagating laser beams with shifted spatial profiles. Under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency the atom-light interaction has a space-dependent dark state, and the adiabatic center-of-mass motion of atoms in this state experiences effective vector and scalar potentials. The associated magnetic field is oriented perpendicular to the propagation direction of the laser beams. The field strength achievable is one flux quantum over an area given by the transverse beam separation and the laser wavelength. For a sufficiently dilute gas the field is strong enough to reach the lowest Landau level regime.