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Drivers' compliance with speed limits: An application of the theory of planned behavior

Elliott, M.A. and Armitage, C.J. and Baughan, C.J. (2003) Drivers' compliance with speed limits: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88 (5). pp. 964-972. ISSN 0021-9010

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The theory of planned behavior (TPB; I. Ajzen, 1985) was applied to drivers' compliance with speed limits. Questionnaire data were collected for 598 drivers at 2 time points separated by 3 months. TPB variables, demographic information, and self-reported prior behavior were measured at Time 1, and self-reported subsequent behavior was measured at Time 2. In line with the TPB, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control were positively associated with behavioral intention, and intention and perceived control were positively associated with subsequent behavior. TPB variables mediated the effects of age and gender on behavior. Prior behavior was found to moderate the perceived control-intention and perceived control-subsequent behavior relationships. Practical implications of the findings for road safety and possible avenues for further research are discussed.