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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Convergence between physiological, facial and verbal self-report measures of affective empathy in children

Hadjicharalambous, X. and Warden, D.A. (2007) Convergence between physiological, facial and verbal self-report measures of affective empathy in children. Infant and Child Development, 16 (3). pp. 237-254. ISSN 1522-7227

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Abstract

The present study investigated the degree of convergence between three different measures of vicarious affective responsiveness (affective empathy) - verbal self-report, facial expression and change in heart rate - in typically developing children (N=29, aged 8-10 years), when presented with an emotionally evocative film. Although convergence between physiological and verbal measures was only at chance levels, convergence between facial and physiological measures, and between facial and verbal measures was statistically significant, but low (=0.30 and 0.22, respectively, p<0.01). These findings have important implications for the assessment of empathy in children and indicate that generalization of results across methods should be undertaken with caution.