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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Sintering of passivated gold nanoparticles under the electron beam

Chen, Y. and Palmer, R.E. and Wilcoxon, J.P. (2006) Sintering of passivated gold nanoparticles under the electron beam. Langmuir, 22 (6). pp. 2851-2855. ISSN 0743-7463

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Abstract

Time-lapse studies of a film of passivated gold nanoparticles under electron beam irradiation have been performed using a transmission electron microscope, revealing the microscopic dynamics of the sintering process at the single nanoparticle level. It is found that the sintering of individual passivated gold nanoparticles under electron irradiation is local and mainly depends on the sensitivity of the passivating ligands to the electron beam. A multilayer film is less stable than monolayer film, consistent with the enhanced generation of secondary electrons. The observations also reveal a significant difference between the sintering of passivated nanoparticles and bare metal particles, especially regarding the size effect on the sintering rate. The formation of a neck between adjacent nanoparticles further indicates a mechanism driven by surface diffusion rather than Ostwald ripening at the initial sintering stage.