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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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A multi-objective optimization model for the life-cycle cost analysis and retrofitting planning of buildings

Wang, Bo and Xia, Xiaohua and Zhang, Jiangfeng (2014) A multi-objective optimization model for the life-cycle cost analysis and retrofitting planning of buildings. Energy and Buildings, 77. pp. 227-235. ISSN 0378-7788

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The building sector contributes a large proportion of the world's total final energy consumption. As a result, considerable attention has been paid to energy efficiency in the building sector. At the current stage, building retrofitting is the most feasible and cost-effective method to improve building energy efficiency. This paper presents a multi-objective optimization model for life-cycle cost analysis and retrofitting planning of buildings. A net present value (NPV) based economic analysis taking life-cycle cost into account is introduced to formulate the objective functions. In addition, a combination of multiple alternative measures for each retrofitting intervention is considered in determining the optimal solution. The presented model aims at maximizing both energy savings and economic benefits during a selected time frame. It allows decision makers to make best use of the available budget. A differential evolution (DE) algorithm is proposed to solve this optimization problem. The result of the case study illustrates the effectiveness of the multi-objective optimization model to support the planning of energy-efficient and cost-effective building retrofitting projects.