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Comparison of modeled and experimental behavior of a thermoelectrically actuated varifocal micromirror

Paterson, Alan and Li, Li and Bauer, Ralf and Lubeigt, Walter and Uttamchandani, Deepak (2014) Comparison of modeled and experimental behavior of a thermoelectrically actuated varifocal micromirror. In: International Conference on Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics. IEEE, pp. 157-158. ISBN 9780992841423

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The finite element analysis (FEA) simulation results of a bimorph silicon-gold varifocal micromirror (VFM) are reported. For a 1.2 mm diameter silicon VFM, the simulation shows that a variation of the surface radius of curvature (ROC) from 18.8 mm to 31.3 mm can be achieved between device temperatures of 10 °C and 100 °C. The ROC versus temperature relationship is highly sensitive to the values of Young's modulus and residual stress of the gold layer used in this model. The simulation results are compared with our experimentally measured ROCs obtained at different temperatures, yielding accurate modeling of the VFM behavior.