Picture of a black hole

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Bogoliubov theory of the Hawking effect in Bose-Einstein condensates

Leonhardt, U. and Kiss, T. and Ohberg, P. (2003) Bogoliubov theory of the Hawking effect in Bose-Einstein condensates. Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics, 5. pp. 42-49. ISSN 1464-4266

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Abstract

Artificial black holes may demonstrate some of the elusive quantum properties of the event horizon, in particular Hawking radiation. One promising candidate is a sonic hole in a Bose-Einstein condensate. We clarify why Hawking radiation emerges from the condensate and how this condensed-matter analogue reflects some of the intriguing aspects of quantum black holes.