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A high-speed bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method

Li, Nan and Xu, Hui and Wang, Wei and Zhou, Zhou and Qiao, Guofeng and Li, David D U (2013) A high-speed bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method. Measurement Science and Technology, 24 (6). ISSN 0957-0233

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Abstract

A novel bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy system based on the digital auto-balancing bridge method improved from the conventional analogue auto-balancing method is presented for bioelectrical impedance measurements. The hardware of the proposed system consists of a reference source, a null detector, a variable source, a field programmable gate array, a clock generator, a flash and a USB controller. Software implemented in the field programmable gate array includes three major blocks: clock management, peripheral control and digital signal processing. The principle and realization of the least-mean-squares-based digital auto-balancing algorithm is introduced in detail. The performances of our system were examined by comparing with a commercial impedance analyzer. The results reveal that the proposed system has high speed (less than 3.5 ms per measurement) and high accuracy in the frequency range of 1 kHz-10 MHz. Compared with the commercial instrument based on the traditional analogue auto-balancing method, our system shows advantages in measurement speed, compactness and flexibility, making it suitable for various bioelectrical impedance measurement applications.