Picture of a black hole

Strathclyde Open Access research that creates ripples...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde physicists involved in observing gravitational waves and black hole mergers as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) - but also other internationally significant research from the Department of Physics. Discover why Strathclyde's physics research is making ripples...

Strathprints also exposes world leading research from the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

The efficacy of certain anti-tuberculosis drugs is affected by binding to alpha-1-acid glycoprotein

Johnson, Deborah-Ann and Smith, Kevin D. (2006) The efficacy of certain anti-tuberculosis drugs is affected by binding to alpha-1-acid glycoprotein. Biomedical Chromatography, 20. pp. 551-560. ISSN 0269-3879

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

One of the most ubiquitous plasma proteins, -1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), has a high affinity, low capacity binding for basic drugs positively charged at physiological pH. Moreover, as an acute phase protein its level is increased in various disease states in a manner that is likely to influence the free plasma level of a drug, the ability to attain minimum effective concentration and overall in vivo effectiveness. AGP is a glycoprotein known to display disease specific changes in glycosylation and although this secondary modification is not directly involved in drug binding, it may influence the conformation of the binding site. Binding studies reveal that -1-acid glycoprotein bind mainly to the tuberculosis drugs: rifampicin; isoniazid; pyrazinamide; p-aminosalicylic acid; capreomycin; ethionamide; levofloxacin and ofloxacin out with the therapeutic plasma range tested. These results are however still considered significant as not only are -1-acid glycoprotein levels increased during the acute phase response but specific -1-acid glycoprotein from tuberculosis samples are subject to glycosylation changes which can increase the binding affinity and cause binding to occur at the therapeutic concentration.