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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Exploiting Hessian matrix and trust-region algorithm in hyperparameters estimation of Gaussian process

Zhang, Y. and Leithead, W.E. (2005) Exploiting Hessian matrix and trust-region algorithm in hyperparameters estimation of Gaussian process. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 171 (2). pp. 1264-1281. ISSN 0096-3003

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Abstract

Gaussian process (GP) regression is a Bayesian non-parametric regression model, showing good performance in various applications. However, it is quite rare to see research results on log-likelihood maximization algorithms. Instead of the commonly used conjugate gradient method, the Hessian matrix is first derived/simplified in this paper and the trust-region optimization method is then presented to estimate GP hyperparameters. Numerical experiments verify the theoretical analysis, showing the advantages of using Hessian matrix and trust-region algorithms. In the GP context, the trust-region optimization method is a robust alternative to conjugate gradient method, also in view of future researches on approximate and/or parallel GP-implementation.