Strathprints logo
Strathprints Home | Open Access | Browse | Search | User area | Copyright | Help | Library Home | SUPrimo

Animal growth promoters: to ban or not to ban? A risk assessment approach

Kelly, L.A. and Smith, D.L. and Snary, E.L. and Johnson, J.A. and Harris, A.D. and Wooldridge, M. and Morris, J.G. (2004) Animal growth promoters: to ban or not to ban? A risk assessment approach. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 24 (3). pp. 205-212. ISSN 0924-8579

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

The use of antibiotics for animal growth promotion has been controversial because of the potential transfer of antibiotic resistance from animals to humans. Such transfer could have severe public health implications in that treatment failures could result. We have followed a risk assessment approach to evaluate policy options for the streptogramin-class of antibiotics: virginiamycin, an animal growth promoter, and quinupristin/dalfopristin, a antibiotic used in humans. Under the assumption that resistance transfer is possible, models project a wide range of outcomes depending mainly on the basic reproductive number (R0) that determines the potential for person-to-person transmission. Counter-intuitively, the benefits of a ban on virginiamycin were highest for intermediate values of R0, and lower for extremely high or low values of R0.

Item type: Article
ID code: 4581
Keywords: animal growth, streptogramin resistance, risk assessment, biology, antibiotics, modelling, statistics, Probabilities. Mathematical statistics, Biology, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology (medical), Pharmacology (medical)
Subjects: Science > Mathematics > Probabilities. Mathematical statistics
Science > Natural history > Biology
Department: Faculty of Science > Mathematics and Statistics
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2007
    Last modified: 04 Sep 2014 15:55
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/4581

    Actions (login required)

    View Item