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Coordinated control for wind turbine and VSC-HVDC transmission to enhance FRT capability

Luque, Antonio and Anaya-Lara, Olimpo and Leithead, William and Adam, Grain Philip (2013) Coordinated control for wind turbine and VSC-HVDC transmission to enhance FRT capability. Energy Procedia, 35. pp. 69-80. ISSN 1876-6102

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Abstract

The integration of large-scale offshore wind farms into electricity networks without causing stability hazards is one of the future challenges for interconnecting large offshore wind farms into national grids. This paper presents enhanced control strategies for offshore wind farm arrays interconnected via an HVDC link. To improve fault ride-through capabilities of the HVDC link and wind farms, a frequency controller is proposed and the third harmonic injection technique is applied as a means to improve the reliability of the offshore arrays. This new controller can easily coordinate the power flow from different sources (i.e. large-scale wind farms and conventional power stations). The power production from the offshore wind farms will depend upon the type of wind turbines installed. Thus, the performance of wind farms based on DFIG and FRC wind turbines is compared aiming to give a better understanding and to identify areas where control improvements can be introduced to optimise offshore wind power transmission.