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A novel dihydro-pyrazolo(3,4d)(1,2,4)triazolo(1,5a)pyrimidin-4-one (AJ23) is an antagonist at adenosine A(1) receptors and enhances consolidation of step-down avoidance

Harvey, Alan L and Young, Louise C and Kornisiuk, Edgar and Snitcofsky, Marina and Colettis, Natalia and Blanco, Carlos and Jerusalinsky, Diana and Jamieson, Andrew G and Hartley, Richard C and Stone, Trevor W (2012) A novel dihydro-pyrazolo(3,4d)(1,2,4)triazolo(1,5a)pyrimidin-4-one (AJ23) is an antagonist at adenosine A(1) receptors and enhances consolidation of step-down avoidance. Behavioural Brain Research, 234 (2). pp. 184-191. ISSN 1872-7549

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Abstract

Adenosine A(1) receptor antagonists are of potential value in the treatment of cognitive dysfunction. We have developed compound AJ23 (7-methyl-1-phenyl-1,8-dihydro-pyrazolo-(3,4d)(1,2,4)-triazolo(1,5a)-pyrimidin-4-one) as a novel, non-xanthine based antagonist at A(1) receptors. It has micromolar affinity at human A(1) receptors with a 45-fold selectivity for A(1) over A(2A) receptors and little affinity for many other receptors and transporters tested in a screening panel. AJ23 blocks A(1) receptors in the rat hippocampus, increasing the baseline size of excitatory post-synaptic potentials and blocking the inhibitory effects of adenosine. When administered directly into the rodent hippocampus this compound improves consolidation in a step-down avoidance learning task. The results suggest that AJ23 or derivatives may represent possible leads for further chemical development towards a chemically novel group of antagonists at A(1) receptors with potential value as cognitive enhancers.