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Frequency dependence of the dielectric and electro-optic response in suspensions of charged rod-like colloidal particles

Delgado, A. V. and Carrique, F. and Arrojo, F. J. and Bellini, Tommaso and Mantegazza, Francesco and Giardini, Mario Ettore and Degiorgio, Vittorio (1998) Frequency dependence of the dielectric and electro-optic response in suspensions of charged rod-like colloidal particles. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 140. pp. 157-167. ISSN 0927-7757

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We have performed an experimental investigation on the electrokinetic properties of charged rod-like fluorinated latex colloids. Systematic measurements of electrophoretic mobility, dielectric constant and electric birefringence have been performed as a function of the concentration of added nonionic surfactant and salt. In the investigated range of parameters, the zeta potential is a strongly decreasing function of the concentration of nonionic surfactant, while it is basically independent from ionic strength. We have obtained the frequency dependence of dielectric constant and Kerr constant as a function of zeta-potential and ionic strength. We observe the transition from a low frequency behavior, where both the dielectric constant and the Kerr constant are enhanced by the presence of the double layer, to a high frequency behavior, where both quantities take the value expected for unchanged particles in an insulating medium. The shape of the frequency dispersion of the Kerr constant coincides with that of the dielectric constant, but the cut-off frequencies are the same only when the zeta-potential of the particles is low.