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Hydrodynamic interactions and orthokinetic collisions of porous aggregates in the Stokes regime

Babler, M U and Sefcik, J and Morbidelli, M and Baldyga, J (2006) Hydrodynamic interactions and orthokinetic collisions of porous aggregates in the Stokes regime. Physics of Fluids, 18 (1). ISSN 1070-6631

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The hydrodynamic interaction of two neutrally buoyant porous aggregates is investigated under creeping flow conditions for the case where the undisturbed velocity of the surrounding flow field is a linear function of position. In this framework, the relative velocity between two aggregates is given by the deformation of the undisturbed flow expressed through the rate of strain and the angular velocity of the flow field, and by two flow-independent hydrodynamic functions, typically referred to as A and B, which account for the disturbance of the flow field due to the presence of the particles [G. K. Batchelor and J. T. Green, J. Fluid Mech. 56, 375 (1972)]. In the present paper, the analysis of the hydrodynamic interaction that is known for the case of two impermeable, solid particles is extended to the case of porous aggregates by applying Brinkman's equation to describe the flow within the aggregates. A reflection scheme is applied to calculate A and B and the obtained expressions are applied to interpret the orthokinetic aggregation of aggregates in diluted suspensions, where the collision frequency is computed using the method of relative trajectories of a pair of aggregates.