Picture of Open Access badges

Discover Open Access research at Strathprints

It's International Open Access Week, 24-30 October 2016. This year's theme is "Open in Action" and is all about taking meaningful steps towards opening up research and scholarship. The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Explore recent world leading Open Access research content by University of Strathclyde researchers and see how Strathclyde researchers are committing to putting "Open in Action".


Image: h_pampel, CC-BY

Barriers to women's participation in international management

Scullion, Hugh and Walsh, James S. and Linehan, Margaret (2001) Barriers to women's participation in international management. European Business Review, 13 (1). pp. 10-19. ISSN 0955-534X

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)


From the extant research in international human resource management it is evident that women are not progressing to senior international management positions at comparable rates to their male counterparts. Previous research has estimated that only 3 percent of expatriate managers are women. This paper argues that female international managers have to overcome many additional overt and covert barriers before being developed for international assignments. Based on an extensive empirical research study conducted with senior female international managers in a European context, the paper highlights a number of the barriers which the interviewees believed limit women's international career opportunities. The paper also highlights the implications of these barriers for international human resource management policies and practices.