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NGOs and aid fragmentation : the Belgian case

Molenaers, Nadia and Jacobs, Bert and Dellepiane Avellaneda, Sebastian (2013) NGOs and aid fragmentation : the Belgian case. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations.

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Aid fragmentation is considered a burden for recipient countries. NGOs as important channellers of official development assistance can contribute significantly to this fragmentation. This article is a first attempt to conceptualize and measure NGO aid fragmentation while identifying the complex set of (contradictory) incentive structures. The Belgian case, with its multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic setting, and multi-layered government structures is a crucial case for showing the possible variety of factors which may influence fragmentation. The research finds that fighting aid fragmentation may prove a lot more difficult than suggested because, in the Belgian case, with its multiple incentive structures, fragmentation actually pays off for NGOs.