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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Beta-phase formation in a crosslinkable poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene)

Kuehne, A. J. C. and Mackintosh, A. R. and Pethrick, R. A. (2011) Beta-phase formation in a crosslinkable poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene). Polymer, 52 (24). pp. 5538-5542. ISSN 0032-3861

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Abstract

The synthesis of a crosslinkable poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene) derivative is reported. Vinyl ether moieties allow for photolithographic patterning, resulting in an immiscible polyfluorene network, which enables subsequent wet thin-film processing. The metastable β-phase morphology, inherent to most polyfluorene homopolymers, can be induced in this crosslinkable polymer. This is verified by optical spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and by thermal analysis. The β-phase in polyfluorenes is of interest due to its superior optical and electrical characteristics compared to the amorphous phase. Here, amplified stimulated emission is studied. Surprisingly, the β-phase polymer exhibits higher emission thresholds than the amorphous analogue.