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Simple models of cannibalism : a critique and a new approach

Diekmann, O. and Nisbet, R.M. and Gurney, William and van den Bosch, F. (1986) Simple models of cannibalism : a critique and a new approach. Mathematical Biosciences, 78 (1). pp. 21-46. ISSN 0025-5564

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Abstract

We show how to incorporate a functional response in recent models of Gurtin, Levine, and others for egg cannibalism. Starting from a relatively complicated model with vulnerability spread over an age interval of finite duration ϵ, we arrive at a much simpler model by passing to the limit ϵ ↓ 0. It turns out that survivorship through the vulnerable stage is implicitly determined by the solution of a scalar equation. Subsequently we study the existence and stability of steady states, and we find (analytically in a simple case, numerically in more general situations) curves in a two-dimensional parameter space where a nontrivial steady state loses its stability and a periodic solution arises through a Hopf bifurcation.