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World class computing and information science research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

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Nanoparticle assembly for sensitive DNA detection using SERRS

McKeating, Kristy S. and Dougan, Jennifer A. and Faulds, Karen (2012) Nanoparticle assembly for sensitive DNA detection using SERRS. Biochemical Society Transactions, 40. pp. 597-602. ISSN 0300-5127

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Abstract

SERRS (surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering) is a vibrational technique, whereby a relatively weak Raman scattering effect is enhanced through the use of a visible chromophore and a roughened metal surface. The direct analysis of DNA by SERRS requires the modification of a nucleic acid sequence to incorporate a chromophore, and adsorption of the modified sequence on to a roughened metal surface. Aggregated metallic nanoparticles are commonly used in the analysis of dye-labelled DNA by SERRS, allowing for detection levels that rival those gained from standard fluorescence-based techniques. In the present paper, we report on how SERRS can be exploited for the analysis of clinically relevant DNA samples. We also report on the ability of nanoparticles to aggregate as the result of a biologically significant event, as opposed to the use of an external charge-modifying agent. The self-assembly of metallic nanoparticles is shown to be a promising new technique in the move towards extremely sensitive methods of DNA analysis by SERRS.