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Experimental and analytical studies of cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling

Uzzaman, Asraf and Lim, James and Nash, David and Rhodes, James and Young, Ben (2012) Experimental and analytical studies of cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling. In: 6th International Conference on Coupled Instabilities in Metal Structures, CIMS 2012, 2012-12-03 - 2012-12-05.

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Abstract

Cold-formed steel sections are often used as wall studs or floor joists; such sections often include web holes for ease of installation of the services. In this paper, a combination of experimental tests and non-linear finite element analyses are used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under interior-two-flange (ITF) and end-two-flange (ETF) loading conditions; the cases of both flange fastened and flange unfastened are considered. A non-linear finite element model is described, and the results compared against the laboratory test results; a good agreement was obtained in terms of both strength and failure modes.