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World class computing and information science research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

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Increasing the dimension in high-dimensional two-photon orbital angular momentum entanglement

Romero, J. and Giovannini, D. and Franke-Arnold, S. and Barnett, S. M. and Padgett, M. J. (2012) Increasing the dimension in high-dimensional two-photon orbital angular momentum entanglement. Physical Review A, 86 (1). ISSN 1094-1622

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Abstract

Any practical experiment utilizing the innate D-dimensional entanglement of the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of photons is subject to the generation capacity of the entangled photon source and the modal capacity of the detection system. We report an experimental spontaneous parametric-down-conversion system able to generate and detect tunable high-dimensional OAM entanglement. By tuning the phase matching, we demonstrate a factor of 2 increase on the half-width of the OAM-correlation spectrum, from 10 to 20. In terms of quantum mutual information capacity, this is an increase from 3.18 to 4.95 bits/photon. Furthermore, we measure correlations in the conjugate variable, angular position, and obtain concurrence values 0.96 and 0.90. The good entanglement measures in both OAM and angular position bases indicate bipartite, D-dimensional entanglement where D is tunable.