Picture of wind turbine against blue sky

Open Access research with a real impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

The Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) within Strathclyde's Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering is producing Open Access research that can help society deploy and optimise renewable energy systems, such as wind turbine technology.

Explore wind turbine research in Strathprints

Explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research content

42 salt forms of tyramine: structural comparison and the occurrence of hydrate formation

Briggs, Naomi E. B. and Morrison, Catriona A. and Kennedy, Alan (2012) 42 salt forms of tyramine: structural comparison and the occurrence of hydrate formation. Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, 68. pp. 453-464. ISSN 0108-7681

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

The single-crystal diffraction structures of 38 salt forms of the base tyramine (4-hydroxyphenethylamine) are reported for the first time. Together with literature examples, these structures are discussed with respect to cation conformation, cation packing, hydrogen bonding and hydrate formation. It is found that isostructural cation packing can occur even with structurally different anions, with different hydration states and with different hydrogen bonding. Hydrate formation is found to be more likely both (i) when there is an increase in the total number of potential hydrogen bond acceptor and donor atoms; and (ii) when the ratio of potential hydrogen bond donor to acceptor atoms is low.