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Open Access research that challenges the mind...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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The electrochemical performance of phenol-formaldehyde based activated carbon electrodes for lithium/oxygen batteries

Shitta-Bey, G. O. and Mirzaeian, M. and Halla, P. J. (2012) The electrochemical performance of phenol-formaldehyde based activated carbon electrodes for lithium/oxygen batteries. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159 (3). A315-A320. ISSN 0013-4651

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Abstract

Here we demonstrate the use of polymer derived activated carbons as the potential electrode material for Li/O2 batteries. The activated carbons were synthesized by sol-gel polycondensation of low cost phenol and formaldehyde followed by carbonization at 1050°C in an inert atmosphere and activation under CO2 to different degrees of burn off. Galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements performed on the activated carbon based electrodes show that discharge capacity increases with mesopore volume, with the highest discharge capacity of 1852 mAh/g obtained for the carbon having the highest mesopore volume of 1.8717 cm3/g. Galvanostatic rate capability tests show that discharge capacity of the cell decreases with increasing discharge rates significantly.