Mills, Andrew and Lawrie, Katherine and Bardin, Julie and Apedaile, Alistair and Skinner, Graham A. and O'Rourke, Christopher (2012) An O2 smart plastic film for packaging. Analyst, 137 (1). pp. 106-112. ISSN 0003-2654Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)
The preparation and characterisation of a novel, water-proof, irreversible, reusable, UV-activated, O2 sensitive, smart plastic film is described. A pigment, consisting of a redox dye, methylene blue (MB), and a sacrificial electron donor, DL-threitol, coated onto an inorganic support with semiconductor functionality, TiO2, has been extruded in low-density polyethylene (LDPE). The blue-coloured indicator is readily photobleached in <90 s using UVA light (4 mWcm−2), whereby MB is converted to its colourless, leuco form, leuco-methylene blue (LMB). This form persists in the absence of oxygen, but is re-oxidised to MB in 2.5 days in air under ambient conditions (21°C, 65% RH) within the O2 smart plastic film. The rate of recovery is linearly dependent upon the ambient level of O2. At the lower temperature of 5°C, the kinetics of the photobleaching activation step is largely unchanged, whereas that of recovery is markedly reduced to t1/2 = 36 h at 5°C (cf. 9 h at 21°C); the activation energy for the recovery step was calculated as 28 kJmol−1. The O2-sensitive recovery step was found to be moderately dependent upon humidity at 21°C, but not significantly dependent upon humidity at 5°C. The possible application of this type of indicator in food packaging is illustrated and discussed briefly.
|Keywords:||sensor, water, food, oxygen indicato, heterogeneous photocatalysis, intelligence ink, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Spectroscopy, Environmental Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Electrochemistry|
|Subjects:||Science > Chemistry|
|Department:||Faculty of Science > Pure and Applied Chemistry|
|Depositing user:||Pure Administrator|
|Date Deposited:||22 Jun 2012 08:34|
|Last modified:||27 Apr 2016 18:41|