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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Sequence/structure relationships in aromatic dipeptide hydrogels formed under thermodynamic control by enzyme-assisted self-assembly

Hughes, Meghan and Frederix, Pim W. J. M. and Raeburn, Jaclyn and Birchall, Louise S. and Sadownik, Jan and Coomer, Fiona C. and Lin, I-Hsin and Cussen, Edmund J. and Hunt, Neil T. and Tuttle, Tell and Webb, Simon J. and Adams, Dave J. and Ulijn, Rein V. (2012) Sequence/structure relationships in aromatic dipeptide hydrogels formed under thermodynamic control by enzyme-assisted self-assembly. Soft Matter, 8 (20). pp. 5595-5602. ISSN 1744-683X

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Abstract

Self-assembled supramolecular structures of peptide derivatives often reflect a kinetically trapped state rather than the thermodynamically most favoured structure, which presents a challenge when trying to elucidate the molecular design rules for these systems. In this article we use thermodynamically controlled self-assembly, driven by enzymatic condensation of amino acid derivatives, to elucidate chemical composition/nanostructure relationships for four closely related Fmoc-dipeptide-methyl esters which form hydrogels; SF, SL, TF and TL. We demonstrate that each of the four systems self-assemble to form extended arrays of beta-sheets which interlock via pi-stacking of Fmoc-moieties, yet with subtle differences in molecular organisation as supported by rheology, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis and molecular mechanics minimisation.