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Ethnonationalism, assimilation, and the social worlds of the Jewish Bolsheviks in fin-de-siecle tsarist Russia

Riga, Liliana (2006) Ethnonationalism, assimilation, and the social worlds of the Jewish Bolsheviks in fin-de-siecle tsarist Russia. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 48 (4). pp. 762-797. ISSN 0010-4175

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Abstract

This article offers biographical sketches of the Jewish members of the Bolshevik revolutionary elite. It explores how their commitments to socialist universalism and eventual identification with Bolshevism were influenced by experiences and identities as Jews in fin de siècle Tsarist Russia. Situating them within a comparative historical sociology of ethnicity and identity across the Empire, I consider the ways in which ambiguities of assimilation, ethnic exclusion, and ethnocultural marginality influenced their attraction to Bolshevik socialism. In doing so, I revise the traditional argument that that the Bolsheviks of Jewish origin were highly assimilated "non-Jewish Jews" whose Jewishness played no role in their political radicalism. Instead, the claim is made that for the Jewish Bolshevik elite ascriptive Jewishness was a social fact mediated by ethnopolitical context, and therefore a dimension of varying significance to their radicalism, even for those for whom Jewishness was not a claimed identity.

Item type: Article
ID code: 3979
Keywords: ethnonationalism, assimilation, jewish bolsheviks, Russia, socialism, empire, Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics, Socialism. Communism. Anarchism, History, Sociology and Political Science
Subjects: History General and Old World > Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics
Social Sciences > Socialism. Communism. Anarchism
Department: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > Geography and Sociology
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    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2007
    Last modified: 04 Sep 2014 13:56
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/3979

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