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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Ca(2)+-stimulated exocytosis in maize coleoptile cells

Sutter, J U and Homann, U and Thiel, G (2000) Ca(2)+-stimulated exocytosis in maize coleoptile cells. Plant Cell, 12 (7). pp. 1127-1136. ISSN 1040-4651

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Abstract

Changes in membrane capacitance (C(m)) after photolysis of the caged Ca(2)+ compound dimethoxynitrophenamine were studied in protoplasts from maize coleoptiles. Changes in C(m) values resulting from increased concentrations of free Ca(2)+ in the cytoplasm ([Ca(2)+](cyt)) were interpreted as representing changes in [Ca(2)+](cyt)-sensitive exocytosis and endocytosis. A continuous increase in [Ca(2)+](cyt) resulted in a sigmoidal increase in C(m) values with a half-maximal concentration at approximately 1 microM. The steep increase in C(m) values was followed by a variable slow phase in changing C(m) values. When [Ca(2)+](cyt) increased at a rate of 0.6 micromol L(-)(1) sec(-)(1), the initial steep increase in C(m) values lasted approximately 5 to 10 sec. During this time, protoplasts increased in surface area by approximately 2.5%. The biphasic dynamics of [Ca(2)+](cyt)-stimulated increases in C(m) values can be described by a kinetic model containing two pools of vesicles with two [Ca(2)+](cyt)-sensitive steps in the exocytotic pathway.