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The structure of optimism : "controllability affects the extent to which efficacy beliefs shape outcome expectancies"

Urbig, Diemo and Monsen, Erik (2012) The structure of optimism : "controllability affects the extent to which efficacy beliefs shape outcome expectancies". Journal of Economic Psychology, 33 (4). 854–867. ISSN 0167-4870

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    Abstract

    In this article we theoretically develop and empirically test an integrative conceptual framework linking dispositional optimism as general outcome expectancy to general efficacy beliefs about internal (self) and external (instrumental social support and chance) factors as well as to general control beliefs (locus-of-control). Bandura (1997, Self-efficacy. The exercise of control (p. 23). New York: Freeman), quoted in title, suggests – at a context-specific level – that controllability moderates the impact of self-efficacy on outcome expectancies and we hypothesize that – at a general level – this also applies to dispositional optimism. We further hypothesize that locus of control moderates the impact of external-efficacy beliefs, but in the opposite direction as self-efficacy. Our survey data of 224 university students provides support for the moderation of self-efficacy and chance-efficacy. Our new conceptualization contributes to clarifying relationships between self- and external-efficacy beliefs, control beliefs, and optimism; and helps to explain why equally optimistic individuals cope very differently with adverse situations.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 39257
    Keywords: dispositional optimism, efficacy, locus of control, expectations, cognition, knowledge, uncertainty, information, beliefs, speculations, Management. Industrial Management, Economics and Econometrics, Applied Psychology, Sociology and Political Science
    Subjects: Social Sciences > Industries. Land use. Labor > Management. Industrial Management
    Department: Strathclyde Business School > Hunter Centre For Entrepreneurship
    Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Pure Administrator
    Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2012 10:02
    Last modified: 03 Nov 2014 01:31
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/39257

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