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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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Electronic differential with sliding mode controller for a direct wheel drive electric vehicle

Gair, S. and Cruden, A.J. and Cruden, Andrew and McDonald, J. and Hredzak, B. (2004) Electronic differential with sliding mode controller for a direct wheel drive electric vehicle. In: IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics (ICM 2004), 2004-06-03 - 2004-06-05.

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Abstract

Traction drives used in electric vehicles can be divided into two categories, (i) single drive systems, and (ii) multi-drive systems. With multi-drive systems the motor controllers must additionally be configured to provide an electronic differential effect i.e. they must also perform a similar function as their mechanical differential counterpart. Thus the electronic differential must take account of the speed difference between the two wheels when cornering. This paper presents a design for an electronic differential utilising a sliding mode controller employing a 4-switch 3-phase inverter. This type of inverter is particularly suitable for this application as the supply batteries can be easily split into two separate battery strings. The system is evaluated on a test vehicle in which the rear wheels are directly driven by permanent magnet brushless motors. Results indicate that this arrangement can be successfully implemented into an electric vehicle drive train.