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Natural and synthetic polyesters for musculoskeletal tissue repair: experimental in vitro and in vivo evaluations

Giavaresi, G. and Tschon, M. and Daly, J.H. and Liggat, J.J. and Fini, M. and Torricelli, P. and Giardino, R. (2004) Natural and synthetic polyesters for musculoskeletal tissue repair: experimental in vitro and in vivo evaluations. International Journal of Artificial Organs, 27 (9). pp. 796-805. ISSN 0391-3988

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Abstract

Two natural Biopol(TM) polyesters, containing 8% (D400G) and 12% (D600G) of hydroxyvalerate component, and a synthetic polyester based on 1,4 cyclohexanediol [Poly(cyclohexyl-sebacate) - PCS] were studied to investigate their in vitro and in vivo behavior for application in musculoskeletal tissue repair. The polyesters were placed in direct contact with L929 fibroblasts and cell proliferation (WST-1), cytotoxic effect (LDH), synthetic activity (total proteins) and cytokine production (IL-1beta, IL-6, TNFalpha) were assessed after an incubation period of 72 hours and 7 days. Then, 12 Sprague-Dawley rats underwent dorsal subcutaneous implants of tested polyesters under general anesthesia. After 1 and 4 weeks from surgery, the animals were pharmacologically euthanized and the implants retrieved with surrounding tissue for histologic and histomorphometric investigations. In vitro results showed that D600G behaved a little worse in comparison to other tested polyesters in terms of cell proliferation and TNFalpha at 7 days. PCS presented the lowest total protein value at 7 days. In vivo results indicated that PCS implants produced a higher (p < 0.01) extent of inflammatoty tissue in comparison to D600G at 1 week and to D40OG at 4 weeks, and the lowest vascular densities at both experimental times. D40OG seems to be the most suitable material for biomedical application when tested in fibroblast cultures and in the subcutaneous tissue of rats.