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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Predicting large-scale conformational changes in proteins using energy-weighted normal modes

Palmer, D. S. and Jensen, F. (2011) Predicting large-scale conformational changes in proteins using energy-weighted normal modes. Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics, 79 (10). pp. 2778-2793.

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Abstract

We report the development of a method to improve the sampling of protein conformational space in molecular simulations. It is shown that a principal component analysis of energy-weighted normal modes in Cartesian coordinates can be used to extract vectors suitable for describing the dynamics of protein substructures. The method can operate with either atomistic or user-defined coarse-grained models of protein structure. An implicit reverse coarse-graining allows the dynamics of all-atoms to be recovered when a coarse-grained model is used. For an external test set of four proteins, it is shown that the new method is more successful than normal mode analysis in describing the large-scale conformational changes observed on ligand binding. The method has potential applications in protein-ligand and protein-protein docking and in biasing molecular dynamics simulations.