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The inhibitory gamma subunit of the type 6 retinal cGMP phosphodiesterase functions to link c-Src and g-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in a signaling unit that regulates p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase by epidermal growth factor

Wan, K.F. and Sambi, B.S. and Tate, R. and Waters, C. and Pyne, N.J. (2003) The inhibitory gamma subunit of the type 6 retinal cGMP phosphodiesterase functions to link c-Src and g-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 in a signaling unit that regulates p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase by epidermal growth factor. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278. pp. 18658-18663. ISSN 0021-9258

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Abstract

The inhibitory gamma subunit of the retinal photoreceptor type 6 cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDEgamma) is phosphorylated by G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 on threonine 62 and regulates the epidermal growth factor- dependent stimulation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. We report here that PDEgamma is in a pre-formed complex with c-Src and that stimulation of cells with epidermal growth factor promotes the association of GRK2 with this complex. c-Src has a critical role in the stimulation of the p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade by epidermal growth factor, because c-Src inhibitors block the activation of this kinase by the growth factor. Mutation of Thr-62 (to Ala) in PDEgamma produced a GRK2 phosphorylation-resistant mutant that was less effective in associating with GRK2 in response to epidermal growth factor and did not potentiate the stimulation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase by this growth factor. The transcript for a short splice variant version of PDEgamma lacking the Thr-62 phosphorylation site is also expressed in certain mammalian cells and, in common with the Thr-62 mutant, failed to potentiate the stimulatory effect of epidermal growth factor on p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase. The mutation of Thr-22 (to Ala) in PDEgamma, which is a site for phosphorylation by p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase, resulted in a prolonged activation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase by epidermal growth factor, suggesting a role for this phosphorylation event in the negative feedback control of PDEgamma.