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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Channel wAveguides in ion-exchanged pyrex by direct UV writing

Sheridan, A.K. and Gawith, C. and Emmerson, G. and Milton, J. and Smith, P. and Wilkinson, J.S. (2004) Channel wAveguides in ion-exchanged pyrex by direct UV writing. Optics Communications, 242 (1-3). pp. 109-114.

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Abstract

In this paper, we show that UV irradiation can induce a significant refractive index change in Pyrex, a commercial oxide glass which does not contain the most common photosensitiser, germanium. We describe the fabrication of channel waveguides in potassium-ion exchanged Pyrex by UV writing and find the maximum UV-induced change in refractive index to be 1 × 10−3. UV-induced changes in the absorption spectrum are reported and attributed to the formation of defects from iron impurities inherent in the glass. A colour-centre-related model for the observed refractive index change is proposed.