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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Channel wAveguides in ion-exchanged pyrex by direct UV writing

Sheridan, A.K. and Gawith, C. and Emmerson, G. and Milton, J. and Smith, P. and Wilkinson, J.S. (2004) Channel wAveguides in ion-exchanged pyrex by direct UV writing. Optics Communications, 242 (1-3). pp. 109-114.

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Abstract

In this paper, we show that UV irradiation can induce a significant refractive index change in Pyrex, a commercial oxide glass which does not contain the most common photosensitiser, germanium. We describe the fabrication of channel waveguides in potassium-ion exchanged Pyrex by UV writing and find the maximum UV-induced change in refractive index to be 1 × 10−3. UV-induced changes in the absorption spectrum are reported and attributed to the formation of defects from iron impurities inherent in the glass. A colour-centre-related model for the observed refractive index change is proposed.