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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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In situ NMR investigation into the thermal degradation and stabilisation of PAN

Martin, S.C. and Liggat, J.J. and Snape, Colin (2001) In situ NMR investigation into the thermal degradation and stabilisation of PAN. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 74 (3). pp. 407-412. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

In situ broadline 1H NMR has been used to assess the low temperature degradation of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) under a variety of atmospheres and temperatures. In combination with conventional analytical techniques (solid state 13C NMR and FTIR), the structural and conformational changes produced in the network have been correlated with its thermal behaviour. Degradation has also been shown to be both temperature and time dependent, irrespective of reaction environment. Moreover, it has been demonstrated why air is the preferred medium for stabilisation in the production of fibre precursors. Enhanced stability and resistance to char formation is observed in the air-modified polymer, which also becomes resistant to resoftening during low temperature carbonisation.