Picture of wind turbine against blue sky

Open Access research with a real impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

The Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) within Strathclyde's Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering is producing Open Access research that can help society deploy and optimise renewable energy systems, such as wind turbine technology.

Explore wind turbine research in Strathprints

Explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research content

Physiological aspects of free and immobilised aspergillus niger cultures producing citric acid under various glucose concentrations

Papagianni, M. and Mattey, M. (2004) Physiological aspects of free and immobilised aspergillus niger cultures producing citric acid under various glucose concentrations. Process Biochemistry, 39 (12). pp. 1963-1970. ISSN 1359-5113

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

Similarities and differences between cultures of free and immobilized Aspergillus niger were identified under various glucose concentrations. Growth and citric acid production rates were compared, and the macro-morphology and fine structure of the mycelia examined to determine which parameters were significant in the production of citric acid. With free cultures the diameter of pellets was inversely related to glucose concentration, while biomass levels were lower for immobilized cultures than the equivalent free cultures. Rates of citric acid production were higher with immobilized mycelium, especially at higher glucose levels. The morphology that characterized high citric acid productivity was that of swollen hyphal tips which were seen at concentrations over 100 kg/m3 glucose in both free and immobilized mycelium. Although there is a characteristic morphology associated with high productivity it does not account for the difference observed between free and immobilized mycelia. The increased glucose uptake and productivity was not due to an increased surface area either, since the immobilized system was slightly lower in total surface area than the equivalent free cultures. The major difference was in the mean diffusion path in the two systems.