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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Alpha1-acid glycoprotein expressed in the plasma of chronic myeloid leukemia patients does not mediate significant in vitro resistance to sTI571

Jorgenson, H.G. and Elliott, M. and Allan, E.K. and Carr, C.E. and Holyoake, T.L. and Smith, K.D. (2002) Alpha1-acid glycoprotein expressed in the plasma of chronic myeloid leukemia patients does not mediate significant in vitro resistance to sTI571. Blood, 99 (2). pp. 713-715. ISSN 0006-4971

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Abstract

Despite the efficacy of STI571 (Glivec, Novartis, Basle, Switzerland) in treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), drug resistance has already been noted both in vitro and in vivo. As plasma proteins, including alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), may reduce drug efficacy through binding, AGP was investigated for its ability to interact with STI571. At all stages of CML, AGP plasma level was significantly higher than in normal controls (P <.05). The glycoprotein was purified from normal plasma and individual chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients' plasma by low-pressure chromatography. The influence of alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), in the presence of STI571, on the proliferation of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) cells was examined. Normal AGP, even at supraphysiological concentrations, did not block the effect of STI571 on K562-cell proliferation in vitro. Moreover, CML-derived AGP failed to block the effect of STI571 on Ph+ cells in vitro. Thus, these in vitro findings suggest that AGP will not abrogate the antileukemic activity of STI571.