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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Cross-linking of polystyrene by Friedel-Crafts chemistry: reaction of p-hydroxymethylbenzyl chloride with polystyrene

Yao, Hongyang and McKinney, Michael A. and Dick, Caroline and Liggat, John J. and Snape, Colin and Wilkie, Charles A. (2001) Cross-linking of polystyrene by Friedel-Crafts chemistry: reaction of p-hydroxymethylbenzyl chloride with polystyrene. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 72 (3). pp. 399-405. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

p-Hydroxymethylbenzyl chloride was found to be an effective cross-linking agent for polystyrene. The reaction was found to occur by Friedel-Crafts alkylation between the benzyl alcohol/chloride functional groups in the additive and phenyl ring in polystyrene. The reaction was studied by TGA-IR to monitor the evolution of hydrogen chloride and water, and the structure of the resultant gel was analyzed by solid state NMR and elemental analysis. The potential application in flame-retardancy was evaluated using Cone calorimetry.