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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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Cross-linking of polystyrene by Friedel-Crafts chemistry: reaction of p-hydroxymethylbenzyl chloride with polystyrene

Yao, Hongyang and McKinney, Michael A. and Dick, Caroline and Liggat, John J. and Snape, Colin and Wilkie, Charles A. (2001) Cross-linking of polystyrene by Friedel-Crafts chemistry: reaction of p-hydroxymethylbenzyl chloride with polystyrene. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 72 (3). pp. 399-405. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

p-Hydroxymethylbenzyl chloride was found to be an effective cross-linking agent for polystyrene. The reaction was found to occur by Friedel-Crafts alkylation between the benzyl alcohol/chloride functional groups in the additive and phenyl ring in polystyrene. The reaction was studied by TGA-IR to monitor the evolution of hydrogen chloride and water, and the structure of the resultant gel was analyzed by solid state NMR and elemental analysis. The potential application in flame-retardancy was evaluated using Cone calorimetry.