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Reliability of distribution networks with DER including intentional islanding

Bollen, M.H.J and Sun, Y. and Ault, G.W. (2005) Reliability of distribution networks with DER including intentional islanding. In: 2005 International Conference on Future Power Systems, 2005-11-18.

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This paper presents methods for calculating the reliability of distribution systems with distributed energy resources (DER). The impact of intentional islanding of the DER units on the reliability is studied in detail. Different levels of automation are considered, starting from the existing network and continuing with increasing levels of intelligence in the network. The role of the switching devices and of the restoration process is discussed in detail.