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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Oligonucleotide lipoplexes : the influence of oligonucleotide composition on complexation

Meidan, V.M. and Glezer, J. and Amariglio, N. and Cohen, J.S. and Barenholz, Y. (2001) Oligonucleotide lipoplexes : the influence of oligonucleotide composition on complexation. BBA - General Subjects, 1568 (3). pp. 177-182. ISSN 0304-4165

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Abstract

Despite extensive investigations into oligonucleotide lipoplexes, virtually no work has addressed whether the physicochemical properties of these assemblies vary as a function of the constituent oligonucleotide (ODN) sequence and/or composition. The present study was aimed at answering this question. To this end, we complexed N-(1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl)-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTAP) liposomes, in dispersion, with either 18-mer phosphorothiote homo-oligonucleotides composed of either adenine, thymidine or cytosine; or one of three structurally related 18-mer phosphorothioate oligonucleotides (S-ODNs) (G3139, its reverse sequence and its two-base mismatch). After ODN addition to vesicles at different mole ratios, changes in pH and electrical surface potential at the lipid–water interface were analyzed by using the fluorophore heptadecyl-7-hydroxycoumarin while particle size distributions were analyzed by static-light scattering. The results indicate that each homo-oligonucleotide does indeed exhibit different complexation behavior. In particular, the maximal level of DOTAP neutralization by the polyadenine S-ODN is much lower than that for the two other homo-oligonucleotides and hence its lipoplex is much more positively charged. Much smaller electrostatic differences are also apparent between lipoplexes formed from each of the G3139-related ODNs. This paper identifies nucleotide base selection and sequence as a variable that can affect the physicochemical properties of oligonucleotide lipoplexes and hence probably their transfection competency.