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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Determination of clenbuterol in bovine liver by combining matrix solid phase dispersion and molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography/electrospray ion trap multiple stage mass spectrometry

Cormack, P.A.G. and Crescenzi, C. and Bayoudh, S. and Klein, T. and Ensing, K. (2001) Determination of clenbuterol in bovine liver by combining matrix solid phase dispersion and molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography/electrospray ion trap multiple stage mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry, 73 (10). pp. 2171-2177. ISSN 0003-2700

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Abstract

Matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) is a new sample pretreatment for solid samples. This technique greatly simplifies sample pretreatment but, nonetheless, the extracts often still require an extra cleanup step that is both laborious and time-consuming. The potential of combining MSPD with molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) was investigated in this study. Liver samples were ground in a mortar with C18 sorbent and the homogenized mixture packed into an SPE cartridge and placed on top of a MISPE cartridge. Subsequently, clenbuterol was eluted from the MSPD cartridge onto the MISPE cartridge using acetonitrile containing 1% acetic acid. The ability of the molecularly imprinted polymer to selectively adsorb analyte in acetonitrile was exploited for re-extracting clenbuterol directly from this acetonitrile extract via the double cartridge tandem system. The analyte was eluted from the MISPE cartridge using acidified methanol. A clear eluate was obtained, which was subsequently evaporated, redissolved, and analyzed by HPLC electrochemical detection (ECD) or ion trap mass spectrometry (LC/IT-MS). The MISPE cartridge used in this study was imprinted using bromoclenbuterol, a structural analogue of clenbuterol, as the template. These MISPE cartridges showed excellent stability. The complete extraction procedure was rapid, and recoveries exceeded 90% for the target analyte. The method detection limit for the LC/IT-MS procedure was < 0.1 μg/kg. This method, therefore, satisfies the stringent requirements of European Union regulation EEC 2377/90.