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A block diagram model of the thickness mode piezoelectric transducer containing dual oppositely polarised piezoelectric zones

Estanbouli, Y. and Hayward, G. and Ramedas, N. and Barbenel, J.C. (2006) A block diagram model of the thickness mode piezoelectric transducer containing dual oppositely polarised piezoelectric zones. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 53 (5). pp. 1028-1036. ISSN 0885-3010

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A unidimensional, linear systems, block diagram model of a two-layer thickness mode piezoelectric transducer is presented. The layers are subject to opposing piezoelectric polarization and the device is assumed to be loaded by semi-infinite isotropic media at the two principal faces. Block diagram representations of the transducer acting as both a generator and a receiver of ultrasound are developed in conjunction with the equivalent model of the electrical admittance. When expressed in this manner, the underlying cause and effect relationships are identified, with the important contribution of the piezoelectric boundary highlighted. Comparisons with the conventional single-layer transducer are made throughout and the major physical differences in terms of transduction performance are discussed. The new model is compared with finite element analysis and good agreement is also demonstrated with experimental data. A key aspect of the methodology is the provision of a more intuitive understanding of such device behavior. Accordingly, emphasis has been placed on the physical relationships and this is considered a major contribution of the work.