Strathprints Home | Open Access | Browse | Search | User area | Copyright | Help | Library Home | SUPrimo

Distinguishing adolescents who think about self-harm from those who engage in self-harm

O'Connor, Rory C. and Rasmussen, Susan and Hawton, Keith (2012) Distinguishing adolescents who think about self-harm from those who engage in self-harm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200 (4). pp. 330-335. ISSN 0007-1250

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

Adolescent self-harm is a major public health concern, yet little is known about the factors that distinguish adolescents who think about self-harm but do not act on these thoughts from those who act on such thoughts. Within a new theoretical model, the integrated motivational-volitional model, we investigated factors associated with adolescents having thoughts of self-harm (ideators) v. those associated with self-harm enaction (enactors). Observational study of school pupils employing an anonymous self-report survey to compare three groups of adolescents: self-harm enactors (n = 628) v. self-harm ideators (n = 675) v. those without any self-harm history (n = 4219). Enactors differed from ideators on all of the volitional factors. Relative to ideators, enactors were more likely to have a family member/close friend who had self-harmed, more likely to think that their peers engaged in self-harm and they were more impulsive than the ideators. Enactors also reported more life stress than ideators. Conversely, the two self-harm groups did not differ on any of the variables associated with the development of self-harm thoughts. As more adolescents think about self-harm than engage in it, a better understanding of the factors that govern behavioural enaction is crucial in the effective assessment of the risk of self-harm.

Item type: Article
ID code: 36483
Keywords: adolescents, think about, self harm, engage in, self-harm, suicidal ideation, child , sample , esteem, behavior, repetition, depression scale, hospital anxiety, schools, Psychology
Subjects: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology
Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Pure Administrator
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 14:06
    Last modified: 07 Feb 2013 15:17
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/36483

    Actions (login required)

    View Item