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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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Identification of lead compounds targeting the cathepsin B-like enzyme of Eimeria tenella

Schaeffer, Marie and Schroeder, Joerg and Heckeroth, Anja R and Noack, Sandra and Gassel, Michael and Mottram, Jeremy C and Selzer, Paul M and Coombs, Graham H (2011) Identification of lead compounds targeting the cathepsin B-like enzyme of Eimeria tenella. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

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Cysteine peptidases have been implicated in the development and pathogenesis of Eimeria. We have identified a single copy cathepsin B-like cysteine peptidase (EtCatB) gene in the genome database of Eimeria tenella. Molecular modeling of the predicted protein suggested that it differs significantly from host enzymes and could be a good drug target. EtCatB was expressed and secreted as a soluble, active, glycosylated mature enzyme from Pichia pastoris. Biochemical characterisation of the recombinant enzyme confirmed that it is cathepsin B-like. Screening of a focused library against the enzyme identified three inhibitors (a nitrile, a thiosemicarbazone and an oxazolon) that can be used as leads for novel drug discovery against Eimeria. The oxazolone scaffold is a novel cysteine peptidase inhibitor, it may thus find widespread use.