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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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The sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca2+ trapping, and wave mechanisms in smooth muscle

Mccarron, John and Bradley, Karen and Macmillan, Debbi and Chalmers, Susan and Muir, Thomas C. (2004) The sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca2+ trapping, and wave mechanisms in smooth muscle. News in Physiological Sciences, 19. pp. 138-147. ISSN 0886-1714

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Abstract

The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and apposed regions of the sarcolemma passively trap Ca2+ entering the cell to limit the rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration without SR pump involvement. When "leaky," the SR facilitates Ca2+ entry to the cytoplasm. SR Ca2+ release via inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)Rs) propagates as calcium waves; IP(3)Rs alone account for wave propagation.