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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Pre-operative sildenafil and pulmonary endothelial-related complications following cardiopulmonary bypass : a randomised trial in children undergoing cardiac surgery*

Vassalos, A and Peng, E and Young, D and Walker, S and Pollock, J and Macarthur, K and Lyall, F and Danton, M H D (2011) Pre-operative sildenafil and pulmonary endothelial-related complications following cardiopulmonary bypass : a randomised trial in children undergoing cardiac surgery*. Anaesthesia, 66 (6). pp. 472-80.

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Abstract

In a randomised trial, we compared the effects of oral sildenafil (0.5 mg.kg(-1) ) and placebo, administered the day before cardiac surgery, in 24 children. In sildenafil vs placebo patients, pre-cardiopulmonary bypass median (IQR [range]) cyclic-guanosine-monophosphate was not significantly different (29.9 (2.1-208.1 [0.5-391.5]) vs 5.2 (0.3-54.6 [0-628.9]) pmol.ml(-1) , respectively). Post-cardiopulmonary bypass, nitrate/nitrite levels were also not significantly different (0.7 (0-8.0 [0-142.8]) vs 0 (0-2.7 [0-52.7]) μM, respectively). Postoperatively, mean (SD) pulmonary vascular resistance (2.64 (2.28) vs 1.90 (1.12) WU.m(-2) , respectively and oxygenation index (5.29 (4.60) vs 3.38 (2.54), respectively) remained unchanged, whilst oxygen delivery (57.18 (21.24) vs 74.13 (35.46) ml.min(-1) .m(-2) , respectively) and bi-ventricular systolic function (left ventricle 3.78 (0.94) vs 4.55 (1.08) cm.s(-1) , respectively; p = 0.002; right ventricle 6.93 (1.47) vs 8.09 (2.25) cm.s(-1) , respectively; p