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Quantum modeling of semiconductor gain materials and vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser systems

Bueckers, Christina and Kuehn, Eckhard and Schlichenmaier, Christoph and Imhof, Sebastian and Thraenhardt, Angela and Hader, Joerg and Moloney, Jerome V. and Rubel, Oleg and Zhang, Wei and Ackemann, Thorsten and Koch, Stephan W. (2010) Quantum modeling of semiconductor gain materials and vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser systems. Physica Status Solidi B, 247 (4). pp. 789-808. ISSN 0370-1972

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Abstract

This article gives an,overview of the microscopic theory,theory used to quantitatively model a wide range of semiconductor laser gain materials. As a snapshot of the current state of research, applications to a variety of actual quantum-well systems are presented. Detailed theory experiment comparisons are shown and it is analyze how the theory can be used to extract poorly known material parameters. The intrinsic laser loss processes due to radiative and nonradiative Auger recombination are evaluated microscopically. The results are used for realistic simulations of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser systems. To account for nonequilibrium effects, a simplified model is presented using pre-computed microscopic scattering and dephasing rates. Prominent deviations from quasi-equilibrium carrier distributions are obtained under strong in-well pumping conditions.