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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling : the iConnect study

Ogilvie, David and Bull, Fiona and Powell, Jane and Cooper, Ashley R and Brand, Christian and Mutrie, Nanette and Preston, John and Rutter, Harry and , iConnect Consortium (2011) An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling : the iConnect study. American Journal of Public Health, 101 (3). pp. 473-481.

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Abstract

Improving infrastructure for walking and cycling is increasingly recommended as a means to promote physical activity, prevent obesity, and reduce traffic congestion and carbon emissions. However, limited evidence from intervention studies exists to support this approach. Drawing on classic epidemiological methods, psychological and ecological models of behavior change, and the principles of realistic evaluation, we have developed an applied ecological framework by which current theories about the behavioral effects of environmental change may be tested in heterogeneous and complex intervention settings. Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories.