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An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling : the iConnect study

Ogilvie, David and Bull, Fiona and Powell, Jane and Cooper, Ashley R and Brand, Christian and Mutrie, Nanette and Preston, John and Rutter, Harry and , iConnect Consortium (2011) An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling : the iConnect study. American Journal of Public Health, 101 (3). pp. 473-481.

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Abstract

Improving infrastructure for walking and cycling is increasingly recommended as a means to promote physical activity, prevent obesity, and reduce traffic congestion and carbon emissions. However, limited evidence from intervention studies exists to support this approach. Drawing on classic epidemiological methods, psychological and ecological models of behavior change, and the principles of realistic evaluation, we have developed an applied ecological framework by which current theories about the behavioral effects of environmental change may be tested in heterogeneous and complex intervention settings. Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories.

Item type: Article
ID code: 35755
Keywords: bicycling, city planning, environment design, Great Britain, health behavior, health promotion, humans, theoretical models, residence characteristics, social environment, transportation, walking, Personal health and hygiene, including exercise, nutrition , Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Subjects: Medicine > Public aspects of medicine > Personal health and hygiene, including exercise, nutrition
Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Physical Activity for Health
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Depositing user: Pure Administrator
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:45
Last modified: 27 Mar 2014 09:49
URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/35755

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